C. Scott Smith, MD

National Physician Consultant, Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education, VA Office of Academic Affiliations

Professor of Medicine, Adjunct Professor of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, University of Washington

General Internal Medicine Section Head, Boise VA Medical Center




Interprofessional ambulatory graduate education.


SB, Mechanical Engineering, MIT, 1972-1976

MD, University of Washington, 1976-1980

Clinical Teaching Certificate, Stanford, 1993

Representative publications:

Peer Reviewed Papers

Smith CS. The Impact of an Ambulatory Firm System on Quality and Continuity of Care. Medical Care 1995; 33 (2): 221-226.

Bing-You, RG, Greenberg LW, Smith CS, Wiederman, BL. A Randomized Trial to Improve Resident Teaching with Written Feedback. Teaching and Learning in Medicine 1997;9(1):10-13.

Smith CS, Irby DM. The Roles of Experience and Reflection in Ambulatory Care Education. Academic Medicine 1997;72:32-35. (Invited manuscript).

Smith CS, Pina J, Carnagey F, Toothaker AW. A Controlled Trial of Self-care in a Veteran Population.  Federal Practitioner 1997;October:77-82.

Smith CS, Francovich C, Gieselman J, Servis M. A Broader Theoretical Model for Feedback in Ambulatory Care. Advances in Health Sciences Education 1998;3:133-140.

Smith CS, Francovich C, Gieselman J. Description of an Experiential Empathy and Self-Awareness Curriculum for Medical Residents. Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education 2000;7(1):5-12.

Smith CS, Paauw DS. When You Hear Hoof Beats: Four Principles for Separating Zebras from Horses. Journal of the American Board of Family Practice 2000;13:424-9.

Smith CS, Francovich C, Gieselman J. Pilot Test of an Organizational Culture Model in a Medical Setting. Health Care Manager 2000;19:68-77.

Smith CS, Francovich C, Morris M, Hill W, Gieselman J. A Qualitative Study of Resident Learning in Ambulatory Clinic. The Importance of Exposure to ‘Breakdown’ in Settings that Support Effective Response. Advances in Health Sciences Education  2004;4(2): 93-105.

Servis ME, Smith CS. Diagnosing Learner Difficulties Using a Developmental Framework for Clinical Teaching. Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education 2004; 10(1):29-33.

Smith CS, Morris M, Hill W, Francovich C, McMullin J, Chavez L, Rhoads C. Cultural Consensus Analysis as a Tool for Clinic Improvements. J Gen Intern Med, Special Issue on Education 2004;19:512-516.

Smith CS, Morris M, Hill W, Francovich C, Christiano J. Developing and Validating a Conceptual Model of Recurring Problems in Teaching Clinic. Advances in Health Sciences Education 2006;11:279-288.

Smith CS, Morris M, Hill W, Francovich C, McMullin J, Christiano J, Chavez L, Roth C, Vo A, Wheeler S, Milne C. Testing the Exportability of a Tool for Detecting Operational Problems in VA Teaching Clinics. J Gen Intern Med 2006;21:152-157.

Smith CS, Stevens NG, Servis ME. A General Framework for Approaching Residents in Difficulty. Family Medicine 2007;39(5):331-6.

Smith CS. A Developmental Approach to Evaluating Clinical Reasoning Competence. J Veterinary Med Ed 2008;35(3):375-81.

Luks AM, Smith CS, Robbins L, Wipf JE. Resident Perceptions of the Educational Value of Night Float Rotations. Teaching Learning Med (2009);22(3):196-201.

Smith CS, Morris M, Langlois-Winkle F, Hill W, Francovich C. A pilot study using Cultural Consensus Analysis to measure Systems-Based Practice performance. International J Med Educ 2010;1:15-18.

Wilper AP, Weppner WG, Smith CS. Changes in Idaho Primary Care Physician Work Hours, 1996-2009. JAMA 2010;304 (13):1443-5.

Smith CS, et. al. Toward an Ecological Perspective of Resident Teaching Clinic Advances in Health Sciences Education 2010;15:771-8.

Dick JF, Wilper AP, Smith CS, Wipf JE. The effect of rural training experiences during residency on the selection of primary care careers: A retrospective cohort study from a single large medicine residency program. Teaching Learning Med 2011;23(1):53-7.

Smith CS, Hill W, Francovich C, Morris M, Langlois-Winkle F, Caverzagie K, Iobst W. Developing a Cultural Consensus Analysis based on the internal medicine milestones (M-CCA). J Grad Med Educ (DOI: 10.4300/JGME-D-10-00198.1. June, 2011;246-248.

Wilt T, et.al. (PIVOT Study Group). Radical Prostatectomy versus Observation for Localized Prostate Cancer. NEJM (2012). 367;203-11.

Smith CS, et al. A multisite, multistakeholder validation of the ACGME competencies with five stakeholder groups. Acad Med (2013);88(7):997-1001.

Wilper AP, Smith CS, Weppner WG. Instituting systems-based practice and practice based learning and improvement: A curriculum of inquiry. Med Ed Online (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/meo.v18i0.21612

Bitton A, Pereira AG, Smith CS, Babbott SF, Bowen JL. The EFECT Framework for inter-professional education in the patient centered medical home. Health Care (2013). 1:63-68.

Christopher AS, Smith CS, Tivis R, Wilper AP. Trends in United States Physician Work Hours and Career Satisfaction. Am J Med (2014).127(7);674-680.

Smith CS, et.al. Diagnostic Reasoning Across the Medical Education Spectrum. Healthcare (2014), 2;253-271; doi:10.3390/healthcare2030253.

Smith CS, et al., Professional Equipoise. Getting beyond dominant discourse in an interprofessional team. J Interprofessional Care (2015);29(6):603-609. DOI: 10.3109/13561820.2015.1051216

Weppner WG, Davis K, Sordahl J, Willis J, Fisher A, Brotman A, Tivis R, Gordon T, Smith CS. Interprofessional care conferences for high risk primary care patients. Acad Med. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001151

King I, Strewler A, Wipf J, Singh M, Painter E, Shunk R, Tivis R, Weppner WG, Davidson M, Willis J, Gordon T, Smith CS. Translating Innovation. Exploring Dissemination of a Unique Case Conference. J Interprofessional Educ and Practice (in press)


Smith CS, Gerrish WG, Weppner WG. Interprofessional Training in Patient-Centered Medical Homes. Implications from Complex Adaptive Systems Theory. ISBN 978-3-319-20157-3. Springer, 2015.